August 10th in History

“The Plundering of the King’s Cellar,” from the storming of the Tuileries Palace, by J. Zoffany (Library of Congress ppmsc.04802)

Today in History

  • Ferdinand Magellan sets out from Seville to circumnavigate the world. Of the five ships in his fleet, one returned; of the crew of 270, 18 returned — not including Magellan (1519)
  • The foundation stone of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, where the prime meridian is located, is placed (1675)
  • London learns about the US Declaration of Independence (1776)
  • French Revolution: A Parisian mob storms the Tuileries Palace, killing the royal guard and capturing King Louis XVI. In France, this day is often referred to simply as “10 August” (10 août) (1792)
  • The Louvre Museum opens in Paris (1793)
  • The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the US Congress, funded by the $500,000 estate ($13.5 million in 2016 dollars) of English chemist James Smithson (1846)
  • World War II: The Battle of Guam ends (1944)
  • Early reality show Candid Camera debuts on television (1948)
  • The Manson family kill the LaBiancas, a day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others (1969)
  • Serial killer “Son of Sam” (David Berkowitz) is arrested (1977)
  • An accident that kills three members of the Ulrich family leads to the Ford Pinto litigation (1978)
  • The head of murder victim Adam Walsh, son of John Walsh, is found. John Walsh’s crusade led to the creation of the television series America’s Most Wanted (1981)
  • Ronald Reagan signs a bill providing reparations payments to Japanese Americans who were involuntarily relocated or interned by the US government during World War II (1988)
  • The Magellan space probe reaches Venus (1990)


  • Henri Nestlé, founded Nestlé (1814)
  • Hugo Eckener, commander of the Graf Zeppelin (1868)
  • Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States (1874)
  • Charles Darrow, game designer who created Monopoly (1889)
  • Jack Haley, the Tin Man in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz (1897)
  • Norma Shearer, actress (1902)
  • Curt Siodmak, horror and science fiction novelist and screenwriter (1902)
  • Ward Moore, author of Bring the Jubilee (1903)
  • Leo Fender, guitar designer (1909)
  • Noah Beery, Jr., actor (1913)
  • Wolfgang Paul, Nobel Prize in Physics (1913)
  • Red Holzman, basketball coach (1920)
  • Rhonda Fleming, actress (1923)
  • Martha Hyer, actress (1924)
  • Jimmy Dean, singer, actor, and sausage manufacturer (1928)
  • Eddie Fisher, singer and actor 91928)
  • Kate O’Mara, actress (1939)
  • Betsey Johnson, fashion designer (1942)
  • Ronnie Spector, singer-songwriter (1943)
  • Ian Anderson, flute player for Jethro Tull (1947)
  • Patti Austin, singer-songwriter (1950)
  • Rosanna Arquette, actress (1959)
  • Antonio Banderas, actor (1960)
  • Angie Harman, actress and model (1972)
  • Ryan Eggold, actor (1984)
  • Kylie Jenner, reality show personality (1997)


  • Otto Lilienthal, aviation pioneer (1896)
  • Rin Tin Tin, movie dog (1932)
  • Robert H. Goddard, rocketry pioneer (1945)
  • Isaac Hayes, singer-songwriter and voice artist (2008)
  • David L. Wolper, television producer (2010)
  • Eydie Gormé, singer (2013)

Holidays and Celebrations

  • Air Force Day (Argentina)
  • Constitution Day (Anguilla)
  • International Biodiesel Day
  • National Day (Ecuador)
  • National Duran Duran Appreciation Day (Duran Duran fans)
  • Skyscraper Appreciation Day
  • Smithsonian Day
  • World Lion Day

August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years). There are 143 days remaining until the end of the year.