September 3rd in History

Treaty of Paris

September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). There are 119 days remaining until the end of the year. (Painting: The Signing of the Treaty of Paris, by Benjamin West. The painting is unfinished because the British commissioners refused to pose.)

Today in History

  • The republic of San Marino, the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded (301)
  • Richard I “the Lionheart” is crowned King of England (1189)
  • The Mongol Empire reaches its point of maximum expansion and suffers its first major defeat at the Battle of Ain Jalut (1260)
  • American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris between the fledgling US and the Kingdom of Great Britain (1783)
  • Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery (1838)
  • The first US rigid airship, USS Shenandoah, is destroyed in a storm (1925)
  • World War II: Great Britain declares war on Germany (1939)
  • World War II: Italy surrenders (1943)
  • Holocaust: Anne Frank and her family are placed on a transport train for Auschwitz (1944)
  • Viking 2 lands on Mars (1976)


  • Louis Sullivan, architect (1856)
  • Ferdinand Porsche, car designer (1875)
  • Loren Eiseley, anthropologist and author (1907)
  • Kitty Carlisle, singer and game show panelist (1910)
  • Alan Ladd, actor (1913)
  • Memphis Slim, singer-songwriter (1914)
  • Glen Bell, founder of Taco Bell (1923)
  • Mort Walker, cartoonist, creator of Beetle Bailey (1923)
  • Whitey Bulger, mobster (1929)
  • Albert DeSalvo, serial killer known as the Boston Strangler (1931)
  • Dick Motta, basketball coach (1931)
  • Eileen Brennan, actress (1932)
  • Freddie King, blues guitarist (1934)
  • Al Jardine, singer-songwriter, member of The Beach Boys (1942)
  • Valerie Perrine, actress (1943)
  • Mario Draghi, banker and economist (1947)
  • Malcolm Gladwell, author (1963)
  • Adam Curry, MTV VJ (1964)
  • Charlie Sheen, actor (1965)
  • John Fugelsang, television personality (1969)


  • Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector (1658)
  • Ива́н Турге́нев (Ivan Turgenev), author (1883)
  • e e cummings, poet (1962)
  • Vince Lombardi, football coach (1970)
  • Johnny Marks, songwriter, author of “Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer” and other Christmas songs (1985)
  • Beryl Markham, aviator and author (1986)
  • Frank Capra, filmmaker (1991)
  • Pauline Kael, film critic (2001)
  • William Rehnquist, US Chief Justice (2005)
  • Sun Myung Moon, self-proclaimed messiah, founder of the Unification Church (2012)

Holidays and Celebrations

  • Armed Forces Day (Republic of China/Taiwan)
  • Feast of San Marino and the Republic (San Marino)
  • Flag Day (Australia)
  • Independence Day (Qatar)
  • Levy Mwanawasa Day (Zambia)
  • Memorial Day (Tunisia)
  • Merchant Navy Remembrance Day (Canada)
  • Merchant Navy Day (United Kingdom)
  • Victory over Japan (V-J) Day (People’s Republic of China)

Informal and made-up holidays include Another Look Unlimited Day, National Skyscraper Day (in honor of Louis Sullivan), and National Welsh Rarebit Day.

(*O.S., or Old Style, when used, refers to the fact that Russia did not convert from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar until 1918.)